Lucknow - the old capital of the nawabs of Awadh where culture, courtesy and courtly lifestlye reigned supreme. Life in Lucknow was characterised by an old world charm with warmth, hospitality and a genteel formality inherent in every facet of its people. The city saw its most glorious days under the Nawabs when it became a great centre for literature, music, dance, arts and crafts. Contemporary Lucknow is a far cry from the elegance and class of the old Awadh; now, the city is very much a reflection of modern India with unplanned development, crowded streets and polluted air. But the discerning traveller can still glimpse of the aura of those heady days in the old monuments, ruins and inner city lanes and alleyways.
The main shopping areas in the city are Hazratganj, Janpath, Aminabad, Chowk.
Lucknow is in the heartland of Uttar Pradesh, where it is very dry and hot in summer. Temperatures rise beyond 40° C in the day. In winter the temperature goes down to about 23° C during the day and 9° C at night.
Agra, and the nearby city of Fatehpur Sikri, are conveniently close to Delhi to warrant an all day excursion by coach or taxi although there are several hotels of every standard of comfort. Besides the Taj Mahal are Agra Fort, Sikandra, Ram Bagh and Itmad-ud-Daulah. 35 km away are the imperial ruins of the Mughal city, Fatehpur Sikri. Agra and Fatehpur Sikri are not merely rich legacies of Mughal history ? they are the finest examples of architecture which combined Hindu and Muslim elements.
Allahabad: Allahabad is situated at the confluence of the 3 sacred rivers - Ganga, Yamuna & the invisible Saraswati. It is here at the sangam that hindus Converage for a holy dip especially during the Kumbha Mela, held here every 12 years after.
Varanasi: As the sacred river Ganga flows the snow-clad Himalayas into the vast plains, half way between Delhi and Calcutta it curves into a gentle crescent and along the crescent lies Varanasi. Said to be the frist created spot on earth according to legend, in existence for over thousands of years. Varanasi is the city which enshrines the very essence of Hinduism.
Rishikesh: Rishikesh is one of the most popular pilgrim centres and gateway to the Himalayan Shrines of Badrinath, Kedarnath, Gangotri and Yamunotri. The Yoga Centres of Rishikesh have enhanced the significance of the place.
Dehradun: Surrounded on the east by river Ganga, on the west by Yamuna, the Doon Valley is a most picturesque region at the foothills of the panoramic Shivalik ranges
Lucknow Railway Station Bus Station
Glory Of Lucknow
Bada Imambada Lucknow
Gangotri: In the hinterlands of the Himalayas is Gangotri where, it is believed, Ganga, the stream of life, touched earth for the first time. According to the Hindu religious scriptures, the goddes manifested herself in the form of a river to absolve the sins of King Bhagirathi's sons, following his penance of several centuries. At the legendary source of the river, Goddes Ganga is worshipped in the form of deity. The Gangotri temple was built in the early 18th century by a Gorkha commander, Amar Singh Thapa and later rebuilt by the Maharaja of Jaipur. By November, Gangotri is snowbound, and so the deity is taken 25 kms downstream to Mukhba, so that her devotees are not thwarted. Despite the severe cold, however, several "SADHUS" remain at Gangotri year round, even through the very severe winter. Gomukh, the identified source of the river Ganga, is 18 kms further uphill. The trek to Gomukh is gradual, and severl pilgrims undertake the journey to pay homage to the river at its known source.
Badrinathath: The temples of Shiva and Vishnu at Kedarnath and Badrinath have been the destination of pilgrims for centuries. Once reached after tortuous treks but easily accessible today by road. At Uttarkashi at a height of over 3000 metres the snow melts to form the sacred rivers of Ganga and Yamuna is a deep recess of the mountains. The route to the two sources begins at Rishikesh and passes ancient temples and Valleys along the way. The Shrines are open from 1st week of May upto Diwali day.
Attractions and Places to Visit in Lucknow
The Bada Imambada
The Bada Imambada was built by Asaf-ud-Daula in the year 1784. Its construction was a part of the famine relief project, where a number of labourers were appointed to build this Imambada. It is a huge vacant hall with a length of 50 m and a height of 15 m. Close to the Imambara is the Bhul Bhulaiya - an amazing maze that might need a tourist guide to get through.
Rumi Darwaza was also also built as a famine relief work during the famine of 1783. Said to be a facsimile of one of the gates of Constantinople, this towering monument (60 ft high), can match any similar structure in point of beauty and splendour.
Also known as Husainabad Imambada, this imambada was constructed by Mohammed Ali Shah in 1837. It is believed to be the mausoleum of Mohammed Ali Shah himself. The main imambada is topped by a golden dome, which is supposed to be the tomb of Ali Shah and his mother. There also lies the incomplete watchtower called the satkhanda just opposite the tomb. There is also the tallest clock tower estimated to be 67 m high overlooking the Husainabad tank.
Jami Masjid is the largest mosque of Lucknow. The construction of this Masjid was commenced by Mohammed Shah and was completed by his wife after his death in the 1840s. There are wonderful paintings on the ceilings with the leaf and fruit bowl patterns, a luring view of the place.
The remains of Lucknow Residency presents a clear picture of the British
How to Reach Lucknow
Air : Lucknow is connected to Calcutta, Patna, Delhi, Bombay by Indian Airlines. Vayudoot services also connects Lucknow with Delhi. Fare : Calcutta-Lucknow (Mon,Wed,Fri) Rs.2658 (Y).
Rail : Lucknow, on the Northern and North-Eastern Railway, is directly connected with Calcutta and all other main places in India. Fare (approx) : Calcutta-Lucknow Rs.1050 (AC-2A), Rs.850 (I), Rs.350 (II).
Road : Lucknow is connected by road with Agra (314 kms), Allahabad (225 kms), Calcutta (985 kms), Corbett National Park (280 kms), Delhi (514 kms), Kanpur (79 kms), Varanasi (314 kms) etc.
Local Transport : Taxis, buses, cycle, rickshaws, tempo service available.